Radio testing is for equipments which are using Radio Frequency (RF) for data transfer or communication. Thus, radio testing can also be named as RF testing. With radio testing, we can understand whether radio equipment is using the radio spectrum effectively. Interfering with other users of the RF spectrum is not allowed.
Radio testing covers technologies like Wi-Fi, Zigbee, PMR radio, RFID, NFC, GPS, cellular technologies or any other wireless one. Depending on the frequencies, test standards or parameters may differ.
Radio testing or RF compliance is a mandatory requirement in most international markets like European Union, USA, Canada, Australia and Japan. Each national or regional law ensure that radio equipments use the allowed radio frequency spectrum with minimal interference with other radio services or equipments. These laws also address the potential safety hazards of human exposure to RF energy.
Radio Equipment Directive (RED, 2014/53/EU) is for CE marking of radio equipments sold in Europe. RED ensures a single market for radio equipment by setting essential requirements for safety and health, electromagnetic compatibility, and the efficient use of the radio spectrum. It also provides the basis for further regulation governing some additional aspects. These include technical features for the protection of privacy, personal data and against fraud.
FCC regulations are radio devices sold in USA. If you manufacture radio equipments (wireless devices) you must comply with the regulations of your intended markets. Without compliance, you can not sell your products legally. Radio testing compliance makes the access to global markets fast.
Radio testing is composed of various tests given on relevant test standards. Some of them are listed below:
- Transmitter tests
- Output Power
- Adjacent Channel Leakage Power Ratio
- Power Spectral Density
- Spectrum Emission Mask
- Occupied Channel Bandwidth
- Frequency Stability
- Frequency Error
- Radiated Band Edge
- Duty Cycle
- Modulation Bandwidth
- Transmitter unwanted emissions in the out-of-band or spurious Domain
- Transmission time, rate and duty cycle
- Receiver tests
- Adjacent Channel / Frequency Band Selectivity
- Receiver Spurious Emissions
- Receiver Intermodulation
What are radio testing standards?
Radio testing standards are published by international, regional and national standard organizations. For Europe, ETSI publishes related standards and they can be downloaded via their web sites. ETSI has a special role in Europe: supporting European regulations and legislation through the creation of Harmonised European Standards. Only standards developed by the three ESOs (CEN, CENELEC and ETSI) are recognized as European Standards (ENs). In USA, radio testing standards are developed by FCC. FCC standards are also free to download.
Radio testing may not be enough for a radio equipment. Other tests may also be required to verify same device according to relevant regulation, directive or standard. In general, these additional tests would be Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC), electrical safety and RF exposure tests.
What are the differences between Radio Testing and EMC Testing?
Radio testing focuses on wireless products and includes radio or RF specific tests. These tests are only performed to the products which are under the scope of relevant standard. However, EMC testing is for broader range of products including wireless ones. Each electrical product which may cause electromagnetic interference, is subjected to EMC testing.
Which standards are under our radio testing service scope?
Testups offers radio testing services according to below standards:
ETSI EN 300 328
ETSI EN 301 511
ETSI EN 301 893
ETSI EN 301 908-1
ETSI EN 300 086-2
ETSI EN 300 135-2
ETSI EN 300 220-1
ETSI EN 300 220-2
ETSI EN 300 225
ETSI EN 300 296-2
ETSI EN 300 330-2
ETSI EN 300 422-1
ETSI EN 300 422-2
ETSI EN 300 440-1
ETSI EN 300 440-2
ETSI EN 301 783-2
ETSI EN 301 893
ETSI EN 302 326-2
ETSI EN 303 413
CFR 47, FCC Part 15, Subpart C
CFR 47, FCC Part 15, Subpart E
RSS-GEN, Issue 5
RSS-102 (RF Exposure Evaluation), Issue 5
RSS-119, Issue 12
RSS-210, Issue 9
RSS-247 (without DFS), Issue 2
IMDA TS SRD
Testups RF/Radio Testing services help you meet international radio/wireless regulations, testing products containing radio equipments/devices to meet CE marking in Europe under the Radio Equipment Directive (RED), and FCC (USA), and ISED (Canada).
Do you need radio testing or RF testing service for your wireless products, RF modules or systems? Follow below 6-steps to get radio testing services from Testups:
- Send your request together with your product’s features to us
- Get your quote and send us purchase order together with a pre-payment.
- Send test sample(s) to address given on quote.
- Get your invoice and complete payment.
- Get your radio testing test report(s) by email.
- Request your test sample(s) back to your address.